In the existing healthcare system, there is a pertinent problem pertaining to doctor availability and access to healthcare. WHO has prescribed a 1:1000 doctor patient ratio, but this ratio in India is about 1:2000. Rural India has one-fourth the doctors as compared to urban areas.
Healthcare must be accessible, affordable, and responsive, both to the constantly changing medical and clinical needs of patients as well as to the broader demographic, social, and cultural shifts that typify the modern world. Telemedicine is an upcoming field in health science arising out of the effective fusion of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) with Medical Science, having enormous potential in meeting the challenges of healthcare delivery to rural and remote areas besides several other applications in education, training and management in health sector.
|“Telemedicine utilizes collective innovations to encourage a virtual specialist understanding experience. These arrangements join voice, video, medicinal information, and cooperation instruments, to encourage a patient to see a specialist, without travelling long separations”|
Access to broadband internet connectivity in rural areas is steadily increasing and the adoption and penetration of internet has shown tremendous growth. Telemedicine utilizes collective innovations to encourage a virtual specialist understanding experience. These arrangements join voice, video, medicinal information, and cooperation instruments, to encourage a patient to see a specialist, without travelling long separations. They empower patients, suppliers, and unified wellbeing specialists to meet up on a typical stage and work together progressively.
Over the last few years, the government, NGOs and a few private companies have tried to crack the technology barrier and provide affordable and specialized health care via Telemedicine. Having said this, the growth of a sustainable telemedicine network in India depends upon introduction of legal frameworks, development of national e-health policies, trained human resource and regular funding.